Why does Minnesota suffer through some of the worst racial disparities in the nation? The team behind Mapping Prejudice looks to answer that question by examining the history of the spread of racist, restrictive real estate covenants in the early 20th century. Jim Crow of the North charts the progression of racist policies and practices from the advent of restrictive covenants after the turn of the last century, their elimination in the 1960s through to the lasting impact on our cities today.


This story and Minnesota Experience are made possible by the Arts and Cultural Heritage Fund and the citizens of Minnesota.


Dive deeper into the Minnesota’s history of racist housing covenants by reading Mapping Prejudice’s Kristen Delegard’s piece on how redlining took a firm hold in Minneapolis, “Playground of the People? Mapping Racial Covenants in 20th Century Minneapolis.”

“In 1919, the Minnesota State Legislature struck the first blow against bias in real estate transactions with a law that banned religious discrimination in property sales. Local attorney Emanuel Cohen has been credited with this legislative watershed, which was an important first step against injustice. But what were the limitations of this victory?” Discover more in “Emanuel Cohen and the Battle Against Anti-semitism in Minneapolis.”

After a screening of Jim Crow of the North at the University of Minnesota’s Elmer Anderson Library, viewers were motivated: Many of them expressed a desire to do something about racially motivated housing inequities. Find out more about how some of them pledged to get involved.